Monday, 26 December 2016

The Royal Ancestry of Humphrey Bogart

Last month, I wrote an article in which I proved that Olivia de Havilland and Joan Fontaine are direct descendants of King Edward I of England and, therefore, kin to several prominent figures not only several members of the British royal family, but also a number of United States presidents, authors and actors, including Humphrey Bogart. Now, he may not strike you as the aristocratic or noble type, but Bogie also happened to be a direct descendant of Edward I, who was, in technical terms, his 19th great-grandfather on his mother's side. How? Just keep on reading to find out.

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If you remember, EDWARD I (1239-1307) married firstly to ELEANOR OF CASTILLE (1241-1290) in 1254. Their daughter, ELIZABETH OF RHUDDLAN (1282-1316), was the wife of HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, 4th Earl of Hereford, 3rd of Essex (c. 1276-1321/2). So far, Bogie has the exact same ancestry as Joan and Olivia. But while the de Havilland sisters descended from Elizabeth and Humphrey's first daughter, Eleanor de Bohun, Bogie's blood line originated instead from their fifth son, Sir WILLIAM DE BOHUN, 1st Earl of Northampton (c. 1312-1360). In 1335, William married ELIZABETH DE BADLESMERE (1313-1356), daughter of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere (1275-1322), and Margaret Clare (c. 1287-1333/4), who were both strong opponents of King Edward II, William's uncle. In fact, Bartholomew was convicted of high treason and subsequently hanged, drawn and quartered for having participated in a rebellion against Edward II, led by the king's first cousin, Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster. As for Margaret, she was briefly imprisioned in the Tower of London for ordering an assault upon Isabella of France, Edward II's wife, after which she retired to a convent.

Elizabeth FitzAlan, Humphrey
Bogart's 15th great-grandmother
William de Bohun and Elizabeth de Bladesmere had a son and a daughter; the girl, ELIZABETH OF BOHUN (c. 1350-1385), married RICHARD FITZALAN, 11th Earl of Arundel (1346-1397), 2nd great-grandson of King Henry III of England. Richard was beheaded for his opposition to King Richard II, his wife's 2nd cousin; at the coronation in 1377, he had carried the crown. Richard and Elizabeth were parents to seven children, including Joan FitzAlan, 14th great-grandmother of Joan Fontaine and Olivia de Havilland. Their other daughter, ELIZABETH FITZALAN (c. 1366-1425), married thirdly Sir ROBERT GOUSHILL of Hoveringham (c. 1362-1403), who gave her two daughters. The youngest, JOAN GOUSHILL (c. 1401-c. 1466), became the wife of THOMAS STANLEY, 1st Baron Stanley, King of Mann (c. 1405-1459), a Member of Parliament who represented Lanchashire in the House of Commons for several years between 1427 and 1455. By Thomas, Joan was mother to MARGARET STANLEY (1436-1481), who married Sir JOHN BOTELER, Baron of Warrington (1429-1463) sometime around January 1459 or 1460.

Margaret and John were parents to three children, the eldest being a son named Sir THOMAS BOTELER (c. 1462-1522), who became seneschal of Liverpool. He married MARGARET DELVES (c. 1465-1532), daughter of Sir John Delves, Sheriff of Stafford (c. 1422/3-1471), who was beheaded by Yorkist supporters at the Battle of Tewkesbury for being a Lancastrian. (The Houses of Lancaster and York fought for over thirty years for control of the throne of England, in what became known as the War of Roses; the Lancastrian branch eventually triumphed, leading to the establishment and accession of the Tudor dynasty, which began with Henry VII.) Thomas and Margaret had one son and eight daughters; one of the girls, MARGERY BOTELER (b. 1503), married Sir THOMAS SOUTHWORTH (c. 1497-1546), who was also a direct descendant and blood line of Edward I via his paternal great-grandmother, Anne Tuchet (1422-1503), the king's 4th great-granddaughter. Anne's mother was Margaret de Ros (c. 1398-1423), who in turn was a granddaughter of William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros of Hemsley (1290-1343), the husband of Margery de Bladesmere (1304-1363), sister of Elizabeth Bladesmere (mentioned above). William and Margery were also the maternal grandparents of Anne Welles, 14th great-grandmother of Joan Fontaine and Olivia de Havilland. Because they had Bartholomew Badlesmere as a common ancestor, Margery Boteler was a 7th cousin to her husband, Thomas Southworth.

Alice Carpenter, Humphrey
Bogart's 8th great-grandmother
Margery and Thomas's son, Sir JOHN SOUTHWORTH, High Sheriff of Lancashire (c. 1526-1595), married MARY ASHTON (c. 1536-1595) and became the father of THOMAS SOUTHWORTH (c. 1548-1616). He married in turn ROSAMOND LISTER (1554-1582), who gave him seven sons and four daughters. The youngest boy, EDWARD SOUTHWORTH (c. 1590-1622), went on to become a silk worker in Leiden, Netherlands, where he met and eventually married ALICE CARPENTER (c. 1590-1670) in 1613. Alice was the daughter of Alexander Carpenter (1556-1612), a merchant and prominent member of the so-called "English Dissenters," a group of politically influential Christians who wished to separate from the Church of England in the 16th and 17th centuries. The Carpenter family, like many other English Separatists at the time, had fled to the Netherlands because that country allowed freedom of religion, while King James I of England demanded unyielding allegiance to the established church.

Edward and Alice had two sons, Constant Southworth and THOMAS SOUTHWORTH (c. 1616/7-1669), both of whom were born in Leiden. After noticing that their children were losing their English background and becoming Dutch, members of the Separatist Movement in Leiden  includind Edward and Alice returned to England with their families. Upon the death of her husband, Alice sailed to the New World at the invitation of William Bradford, a fellow Separatist who had courted her in Leiden before she married Edward Southworth. She had reciprocated William's affections, but her father was opposed to their marriage. Alice landed at Plymouth Colony in June 1623 and married William within two months. He had arrived at the Colony on the Mayflower in 1620 with his wife Dorothy, but she accidentally fell overboard and drowned when the ship anchored in what is now Provincetown Harbor, Massachusetts. In 1621, William was elected Governor of Plymouth, a position which he retained for most of the rest of his life. Alice's two young sons from her first marriage, whom she had left in England for schooling, joined their mother in the Colony in 1628 and were brought up in the home of Governor Bradford. Thomas Southworth went on to occupy important positions, including military captain, assistant Governor to both his stepfather and Thomas Prence, as well as commissioner to the New England Confederacy.

Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor, oil painting
by William Halsall (1882)
On September 1, 1641, Thomas Southworth married ELIZABETH REYNOR (c. 1624-1679), who had also been born in Leiden to Separatist parents: Reverend John Reynor (1600-1669) and his first wife, Anne Boyce (c. 1603-1647). Elizabeth and her father arrived in Boston in 1635 and then moved to Plymouth Colony, where Reverend Reynor was pastor between from 1636 until 1654. By Thomas, Elizabeth became mother to ELIZABETH SOUTHWORTH (c. 1644-1717), who married JOSEPH HOWLAND (c. 1640-1703/4) on December 7, 1664. Joseph was seventh of ten children of John Howland (c. 1591-1672/3) and Elizabeth Tilley (c. 1607-1687), who had both sailed on the Mayflower to the New World. Elizabeth's parents, John Tilley (c. 1571-1620/1) and Joan Hurst (c. 1575-1620/1), were also Mayflower passagers, but they both died in their first winter in Plymouth.

Elizabeth Southworth and Joseph Howland had five sons and four daughters; their second girl, LYDIA HOWLAND (c. 1674-1733), became the wife of JOSEPH JENKINS (1669-1734) in October 1694. Joseph's father was an Englishman named John Jenkins (c. 1609-1685), who arrived in the New World in 1635 and settled in Barnstable, Massachusetts. Lydia and Joseph were parents to seven daughters and two sons; their second youngest girl, whom they named PRUDENCE JENKINS (1718-1793), married Deacon SAMUEL BAKER (1706-1791) in Barnstable, on May 30, 1732. Samuel's 2nd great-grandfather, Reverend John Robinson (1576-1625), had been pastor of the English Separatists in Leiden before they left on the Mayflower. In fact, Rev. Robinson is credited with having organized the historical Mayflower voyage, as he believed that the New World could provide a way for his congregation members to remain loyal to their King, but still follow whatever religion they pleased. He planned to sail to America with the rest of the congregation at a later date, but he became ill and died in Leiden before that could happen. 

King Henry IV of England (1367-1413).
He was the grandson of King Edward III
(1312-1377), 17th great-grandfather of
Bogart, as well as of Joan and Olivia.
Prudence and Samuel had one son and four daughters, including BETHIAH BAKER (1737-1820), who married JOHN PERKINS JR. (1736/7-1800) on April 14, 1760. John's 2nd great-grandfather, John Perkins (1583-1654), had sailed from Bristol, England to Boston in December 1630, taking with him his wife, Judith Gater (1588/9-1654), and five children. By John, Bethiah was mother to two sons and one daugther; the eldest boy, DYER PERKINS (1753-1818), became the husband of CHARLOTTE SOPHIA WOODBRIDGE (1787-1851), whose 4th paternal great-grandfather, Thomas Dudley (1576-1653), had arrived in the New World in 1630 and subsequently served four one-year terms as Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, in addition to helping found Harvard College in 1636. In turn, Thomas Dudley was a direct descendant of Sir Walter Blount (d. 1403), who was mistaken for the Lancastrian King, Henry IV, at the Battle of Shrewsbury and killed in his place by the opposing rebel forces. Through a separate blood line, Sir Walter Blount was also a direct ancestor of Joan Fontaine and Olivia de Havilland (their 10th great-grandmother, Anne Windsor, was the nobleman's 3rd great-granddaughter). 

Dyer Perkins and his wife Charlotte had a daughter named ELIZABETH ROGERS PERKINS (b. 1808), who married HARVEY HUMPHREY (1796-1877) in Rochester, New York, on October 2, 1828. Harvey's grandfather, Isaac Humphrey (1735-1788), had acted as dispatch bearer for General Philip Schuyler, commander of the Northern Department, during the American Revolutionary War. In turn, Isaac's 2nd great-grandfather, Matthew Grant (1601-1681), had arrived from England in Dorchester, Massachusetts in 1630 with his wife and daughter, both named Priscilla. Elizabeth and Harvey's son, JOHN PERKINS HUMPHREY (1836-1891), married FRANCES CHURCHILL (1837-1897) in Rochester on January 12, 1864. Her 3rd great-grandfather, Samuel Curtis, had emigrated to America from Sheffield, England in 1690. John and Frances were parents to MAUD HUMPHREY (1868-1940), who revealed a great talent for drawing at a very young age. After studying at the Arts Student League og New York and at the Julian Academy in Paris, she became a sought-after illustrator for calendars, magazines, children's books and advertisements for such famous companies as Ivory Soap and Mellin's Baby Food. Later on, she was offered a position as art director of The Delineator, a prominent ladies' magazine.

Maud Humphrey and her son
In June 1898, Maud married Dr. BELMONT DEFOREST BOGART (1867-1934), who had graduated from the Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1896. Belmont's father was Adam Welty Bogart (1829-1892), whose family belonged to the Bogaerts of Holland, some of the earliest settlers in the state of New York. The Bogarts had been farmers for generations, ever since Gijsbest in Den Boogaertman (b. 1540) had arrived from Holland in the 1600s, but the ambitious Adam did not wish to follow that tradition. He married a wealthy woman named Julia Augusta Stiles DeForest (1835-1868) and together they became proprietors of a small hotel in Watkins Glen, New York. At the same time, he made a fortune as a pioneer manufacturer of lithographed tin advertising signs, which enabled him to relocate the family to Manhattan, the state's economic and social center. After Julia died, Adam concentrated all of his energy and ambition on his only surviving son, Belmont, who went on to serve on the staff of three prominent Manhattan hospitals Bellevue, St. Luke's and Sloan all by the time he was 30 years old. When he and Maud first met, Belmont was drawing a yearly salary of $20,000, an excellent sum in those days. Maud, however, was already earning twice as much.

A year after they married, Maud and Belmont welcomed their first child, a boy named HUMPHREY DEFOREST BOGART (1899-1957), whose round face and chubby cheeks made him the perfect model for his mother's illustrations. In fact, a portrait that Maud had painted of Humphrey in 1900 later appeared in a well-known advertising campaign for Mellin's Baby Food, the best-selling brand of baby food of its day. Later in life, Bogart would say, "There was a period in American history when you couldn't pick up a God damn magazine without seeing my cute little kisser in it." Humphrey, of course, would become one of the most respected and iconic actors of the Classic Hollywood era, with a stellar career that spanned nearly three decades.

Making his debut in the two-reeler The Dancing Town (1928), Bogie found himself typecast as a gangster in a series of second-rate crime dramas throughout the 1930s. He finally became a star in his good friend John Huston's The Maltese Falcon (1941), but it was his Academy Award-nominated performance as Rick Blaine in Casablanca (1942) that truly redefined his career. By 1946, he had become the highest-paid actor in the world. He won the Oscar for Best Actor for playing a rough-and-tumble boat captain in Huston's The African Queen (1951), receiving a third and final nomination for his portrayal of the mentally unstable Captain Queeg The Caine Mutiny (1954). A longtime heavy smoker and drinker, Bogart developed cancer of the esophagus, which eventually took his life on January 13, 1957. At Bogie's funeral, it was Huston who delivered the eulogy, reminding the gathered mourners that "there will never be another like him."


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SOURCES:
Plymouth Colony, Its History and People, 1620, 1691 by Eugene Aubrey Stratton (1986) | The Secret Life of Humphrey Bogart: The Early Years (1899-1931) by Darwin Porter (2003) | Though Without a Gun: The Extraordinary Life of Humphrey Bogart by Stefan Kanfer (2011) | Famous Kin of Humphrey Bogart | Geni.com

2 comments:

  1. This is so cool!!! Impressive post!! Happy New Year! :)

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    Replies
    1. Thank you. Happy New Year to you too. :)

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