Saturday, 25 April 2015

Golden Couples: Gary Cooper & Patricia Neal

One day in April 1948, director King Vidor was riding around on his bicycle on the Warner Bros. studio lot when he spotted a 22-year-old actress by the name of Patricia Neal. She had just arrived in Hollywood, fresh from a Tony Award-winning performance in Lillian Hellman's 1946 Broadway play Another Part of the Forest. Vidor was stunned by her looks and asked her if she would like to do a screen test for the lead female role in his new film, The Fountainhead (1949), starring Gary Cooper. Neal liked the script and about two months later, she met with the director for sound and photographic tests. Vidor was enthusiastic about the young actress, but her first audition was a complete disaster. Cooper was apparently watching her from off the set and he was so unimpressed by her performance that he commented, "What's that!?" He tried to convince Vidor to forget about Patricia and hire someone else, but the director was determined to cast her. He called her again the next day for a second test and this time she nailed it. Needless to say, she got the role.

Written by Ayn Rand based on her novel of the same name, The Fountainhead featured Cooper as Howard Roark, a highly individualistic and uncompromising architect who struggles to follow a new artistic path in an increasingly conformist society. Neal's character is a sensual and emotionally charged newspaper columnist and heiress named Dominique Francon, who falls madly in love with Roark and almost gets killed in the process.

In The Fountainhead
The filming of The Fountainhead began on location in Knowles, California, in the state's largest and oldest stone quarry, for what would be Roark and Dominique's first encounter in the film. During the three days they stayed there, Patricia became aware that she and Cooper shared a strong physical attraction, despite his initial impression of her. When the production unit returned to Los Angeles to resume shooting on the Warners lot, it became obvious that there was an incredible amount of sexual chemistry between them. Patricia later recalled the exact moment when she knew that she and Cooper were in love: it was during rehearsals for the scene in which Roark professes his love for Dominique. He kisses her cheeks, her nose, her eyelids and her hair, while she kneels down before him in a gentle and sensitive way and confesses that she loves him too. As filming progressed, it was like their lines began to reflect their blossoming relationship. "I loved you from the first moment I saw you," he tells her, "and you knew it." 

I looked forward to each scene we would play together with a new sense of expectation. Lines in the film became pregnant with meaning for us. Howard and Dominique said and did the things we could not yet express.
(Patricia Neal)

On the set of The Fountainhead
The dashing Gary Cooper was a notorious ladies' man. Since arriving in Hollywood in 1925, he had affairs with several of his leading ladies, including Clara Bow, Lupe Velez, Marlene Dietrich, Carole Lombard and Tallulah Bankhead. After he married socialite Veronica "Rocky" Balfe in 1933, he somehow managed to remain faithful to his wife until 1942, when he became involved with the Swedish beauty Ingrid Bergman during the filming of Sam Wood's For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943). 

There was something about Patricia Neal, however, that made her different from all his other conquests. Not only was she intelligent, talented and beautiful, but she also possessed a joie de vivre and an ironic sense of humor that appealed to Cooper. Her youth (she was 25 years his junior) and freshness both flattered and inspired him and he really fell in love. For her part, Patricia was overwhelmed by his beauty and found him a deeply romantic and sensitive man, as well as a stimulating companion.

His eyes were the most fabulous shade of blue and always sparkling, and he had long eyelashes that were curled more outrageously than any girl's. His hands were long and graceful and beautiful [...] He was the most gorgeously attractive man bright too [...] I lived this secret life for years and I was so ashamed, yet there was the fact of it.
(Patricia Neal)

Neal held back from a love affair with Cooper until The Fountainhead was finished. She was afraid that the sexual tension between their characters on the film might be lost if they consummated their love. At the wrap party to celebrate the completion of the film, everyone sensed that Gary and Patricia were in love. His wife Rocky was in New York at the time, so the affair effectively began that night. To avoid scandal that could damage both of their careers, they kept the romance as discreet as possible. They would meet at friends' houses instead of public places and were careful not to display their affection at studio functions and other social settings. 

Gary and Patricia on the Warner Bros. lot
In the spring of 1949, Patricia met Gary's close friend and publicist Harvey Orkins at the home of Gene Kelly, which was a popular weekend hangout for the Hollywood crowd of that time. Orkin took a liking to her and soon invited her to accompany him and his girlfriend on a trip to Aspen, Colorado, where they were planning on attending a conference given by theologian Albert Schweitzer. Coincidentally, the Coopers were building a new house in Aspen, so Orkin, who was unaware of Gary and Patricia's affair, called the Cooper home and suggested they all go together for the event.  

When they arrived in Aspen, they went for a tour of the construction site of the new Cooper house. Gary felt awkward to have Patricia and Rocky so close together. The atmosphere was strained and he was nervous and quiet. It became obvious to Rocky that something was going on. That night, she confronted Cooper and he confessed that not only was he in fact having an affair with Patricia, but he was also in love with her. Rocky was so enraged that she told their teenage daughter Maria about his infidelity. The girl began hating Neal with a passion and both mother and daughter declared war against her. In public, however, Rocky continued to be the dedicated Mrs. Gary Cooper.

Perhaps because of the developing gossip around town, or simply because Warner Bros. wanted to generate more interest in The Fountainhead, which was currently in release, the studio decided to pair Cooper and Neal in another film, Michael Curtiz's Bright Leaf (1950). In this costume drama set in the 19th century, Gary played Brant Royle, a tenant farmer who returns to his hometown intent on restoring his family's name, after they were driven off their tobacco farm several years before. Patricia was Margaret Singleton, the daughter of the cigar magnate who ruined the Royles. Consumed with hatred and a desire for revenge after her father commits suicide, Margaret marries Royle and sets out to destroy his new empire.

Cooper and Neal in Bright Leaf
Meanwhile, Cooper and Neal continued with their affair and Rocky continued with her façade. In October 1950, a few months after Bright Leaf was released to indifferent responses, a new crisis erupted when Patricia told Gary that she was pregant. At first, both of them were happy about the news. After all, that child represented the culmination of their love and Cooper could use this to finally divorce Rocky and marry Patricia. For several days, they went on with their lives as if nothing had changed, but then reality started to sink in and they began questioning what would happen if she had that baby. Earlier that year, Ingrid Bergman had given birth to an out-of-wedlock child and the consequences had been catastrophic. Cooper then called a doctor in downtown Los Angeles and told Patricia he had set up an appointment for her. On a bright October day, she walked up to the door of a small office, handed over cash (provided by Cooper) and a few hours later, she walked out. She regreted that day for as long as she lived.

For over thirty years, alone, in the night, I cried. For years and years, I cried over that baby. And whenever I had too much to drink, I would remember that I had not allowed him to exist. I admired Ingrid Bergman for having her son. She had guts. I did not. And I regret it with all my heart. If I had only one thing to do over in my life, I would have that baby.
(Patricia Neal)

On the set of Bright Leaf
In May 1951, Rocky's patience began wearing thin. She wanted to have a loyal husband, but Gary wanted to continue his relationship with Patricia. When the Coopers were legally separated on May 16, the gossip columnists quickly began speculating about what had led to the breakup. Soon, Cooper and Neal were seen in public together, though he warned the owners of the various establishments and restaurants that they were not to be photographed while they were there, or he would sue. They were evasive in interviews too, but obviously everyone knew what was going on. By mid-1951, the strain of his situation was starting to show on Gary Cooper. He looked drawn and weary, consumed by guilt, the conflict between Neal and his family and his own maddening indecision. He wanted to marry Patricia, but not if that meant losing the respect of his daughter, who worshiped him. In addition, his health began to break down and he had a series of surgeries for ulcers and hernias. He was literally a mess.

One day in late 1951, Patricia called Gary's mother, whom she had met a few times before, and invited her to tea. Alice Cooper was outraged and rebuffed her, saying, "Why should I see you after what you have done to my son? He is sick because of you. Do you know what you are?" Stunned, Patricia hung up. She knew what she was. She knew she would always be "the other woman" and Gary would never truly commit himself to her. Hurt and humilliated, she immediately called Gary, who was in Colorado with Rocky and Maria, recuperating from one his surgeries.
Patricia: Gary, it is over. I really mean it, Gary; I can never see you again. Your mother — I called her. She insulted me. No, she told me the truth. It is over.
Gary: You want it that way? All right... if that's what you want.
Patricia: Yes. Yes, that's what I want.
And just like that, it was all over. After the breakup, both Neal and Cooper suffered deeply. She gained a lot of weight, found it difficult to concentrate on her work and came close to a mental breakdown. For a time, he too was a physical and mental wreck. According to his nephew Howard, Cooper seemed "born again" when he was with Patricia; now he looked terrible, like death. A few days before Christmas, Neal received a holiday gift from Cooper: a mink jacket with an attached note that read, "I love you, baby. Gary." Her hopes in reconciliation revived and she called him in Sun Valley, Idaho, where he was spending the season with his family. Sadly, the conversation was not exactly what she had expected. She declared her love for him, but her heart was broken once again when he told her that he was not coming to California; he was actually thinking of going to Paris. So there it was. Their three-year relationship was really, truly over. 

When Gary Cooper and Patricia Neal met by chance and for the last time in New York in October 1955, she confessed: "You broke my heart, Gary. You really did." He tried to explain and justify himself by saying: "You know, baby, I couldn't have hurt Maria for the world." In the end, his family proved to be more important than his love for Patricia.

On the set of The Fountainhead

I loved Gary Cooper, for years and years and years. And I still love him. Of course, Rocky was not very happy with me. And I don't blame. Nor was her little girl, Maria, who I guess was about 11 when we started. And I was very sorry. But Gary... I just loved Gary very much.
(Patricia Neal in a 2008 interview)


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SOURCES:
Gary Cooper: American Hero by Jeffrey Meyers (1998) | Patricia Neal: An Unquiet Life by Stephen Shearer (2006)

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