MGM's «Golden Boy,» also known as Van Johnson, was born Charles Van Dell Johnson on August 25, 1926 in Newport, Rhode Island. He was the only child of Loretta (neé Snyder), a housewife from a Pennsylvania Dutch background; and Charles E. Johnson, a plumber and later real-estate salesman of Swedish descent. From the beginning, the free-spirited Loretta felt miserable in her marriage to Charles, a tough-minded, pragmatic man who valued thrift over material comfort. The arrival of a son merely added more pressure to the young couple's dismal relationship and drove Loretta to alcoholism. When Van was three years old, she abandoned the family and fled to Brooklyn, New York in pursuit of a livelier and more fulfilled existence. Van would not see her mother again until he was a late teenager. Commenting on his parents' divorce years later, Van said, «I was too young to comprehend it then and today I deliberately don't try.»
|Van Johnson at age 11|
After Loretta left, Van continued to reside in Newport with his father and grandmother, who were both strict disciplinarians. Young Van was instructed in good manners, neatness of appearance, honesty and respect for older people. As he grew up, he was expected to take care of his own clothes, instilled with a keen sense of duty and taught the importance of production work. Van respected and admired his father, but he also feared him. «There was a rumour around,» Charles later said, «that I was a strict sourpuss father. I was strict about a few things, and one was [Van's] health. I never spanked him in my life. He was my buddy [...] and all it took was a hard look to straighen him out.»
However, the austere environment in which Van was raised created a long-lasting emotional distance between him and his father. Charles did not believe in expressing personal feelings, teaching his young son to divert displays of joy, anger and sorrow into some less demonstrative behavior and not to act on impulse. For a sensitive, introverted child like Van, this led to inhibitions, fundamental insecurity and repression. «I've often wished my childhood had been a little different,» Van confessed early in his Hollywood career, and «that I had a mother's guidance like other boys.»
When he entered Cranston-Calvert Grammar School, Van received good grades, as his teachers «made me interested in what I was supposed to learn.» But the red-headed, freckled-faced kid was shy with girls and very much a loner. For a special outing one day, Charles took his son to nearby Providence to see a circus, an excursion that made Van decide that he wanted to be in show business, preferably as a trapeze artist or a tightrope walker. His determination was such that he began doing odd jobs after school, including mowing laws and delivering groceries, so that he could earn enough money to buy a trapeze and rings. «It wasn't that I loved work so much,» Van later explained, «but that I loved possessions more. Dad had one rule: I could have what I wanted if I earned the price of it myself.» Once he purchased the trapeze and rings, he suspended them from a large tree limb in the backyard and practice on them for hours with two young neighbors.
|Teenager Van Johnson|
Soon, it became obvious to his family and schoolmates that Van had a desire to turn himself into a performer. By the time he was eight years old, he and his friends were putting on shows in the Johnson's backyard for the neighbors, charging a penny for admission. However, the humorless Charles did not support his son's ambition to pursue a career in show business. «The only stage you'll ever be on will be a [house] painter's stage,» he would snort. But the rebuff fell on deaf ears; entertaining people brought Van the attention that he so desperately needed.
During his years at John Clarke Middle School, Van attended whatever stage plays came to Newport and «decided I wanted to be one those people up there entertaining people.» To his father's irritation, Van used the three dollars he was earning every month from doing odd jobs to enroll himself in Dorothy Gladding's dancing school, where he quickly showed a talent for tap, adagio, soft-shoe and ballroom dancing. Before long, Van was performing with an amateur group at social clubs, church gatherings and any other place that requested free entertainment. He even created his own song-and-dance routine, which proved a big hit in the annual variety show at the Colonial Theatre, Newport's main vaudeville house. Meanwhile, Van found time to take violin lessons, for he played in the orchestra at Rogers High School during his last three years there. He was also in the Dramatic Society in his freshman year, although he never got a part. «I chewed up plently of scenery at the tryouts,» he remembered, «but I could never make the grade.» After repeated reading, the teacher in charge of school plays told him most emphatically, «You'll never make an actor.»
|Van in the early 1940s|
Van graduated from Rogers High School in the spring of 1934. The class profecy for him in the yearbook read: «Van Johnson will be a dancer, / For his snake hips he'll be known, / You'll soon see him performing / Before the English heir to the throne.» For a year after graduation, Van joined his father in the plumbing business, working as an accountant and stenographer. However, he found his job extremely dull and continued to dream, as he put it, of «something shadowy, dreamy, and dramatic.» The movies remained Van's primary source of solace and excitement. Spencer Tracy became his favorite leading man and he found the Busby Berkeley musicals and those featuring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers so dazzling that he almost danced his way home after seeing them.
In the summer of 1935, Van took a job as a waiter and part-time cook at a clam restaurant, where he befriended an attractive, red-headed girl named Lois Sanborn. Ambitious and worldly-wise, Lois belived that people should try to fulfill their dreams and encouraged Van to pursue his. If show business was his ambition, she told him, then he must go to New York. Although he was eager to leave Newport, Van was unwilling to leave his father, who had no other family now that his grandmother was gone. However, over the summer he warmed up to the idea of moving away; Hollywood was his goal, but New York was closer. That fall, Van informed his father that he was going to try to find work on the stage and wanted to move to New York. Charles reluctantly agreed to let his son go, but told him to come home when he had gotten his fill of «such silly notions.» As long as Van could support himself, his father said, he was free to live the life he wanted. Van left Newport in September 1935, wearing a brown sports coat over white flannel pants and an old straw hat, with five dollars in his pocket. He had just turned 19 years old.
|Van Johnson in Too Many Girls|
Although Entre Nous proved that Van was a skilled performer, offers for new shows were not forthcoming. With his money running out, he accepted an offer to tour as a substitute dancer with a theatre troupe bound for New England. He welcomed the money and the experience, but he stayed with the company only for a short while. Back in New York, he continued auditioning for every part available, finding once again that competition was extremely strong. One day, on his way home from an audition for a dancing job he did not get, he heard a piano in a rehearsal hall and stepped inside to see what was going on. A man on the stage noticed Van standing around with his tap shoes and assumed that the youth had been sent by an agent in answer to a casting call. The man motioned for Van to come forward and told him to get into his tap shoes and show what he could do. «I felt as if someone had run a blow torch up and down my spine,» Van later recalled. Sensing that this was his big moment, he performed double time, triple time and wing time. «Nobody had to give me a pep talk to make me knock myself out,» Van said. «I was kicking through with everything I had.»
|With June Havoc in Pal Joey|
During the run on New Faces, Van befriended Keenan Wynn and his future wife Evie, as well as castmate Mildred Burns, who was then rooming with Judy Abbott, daughter of the great Broadway stage director and play doctor George Abbott. In the late summer of 1939, after working in hotel resorts and nightclubs, Van was cast in Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart's musical comedy Too Many Girls, which Abbott was directing. He appeared in the chorus as a college boy and served as understudy for all three male leads: Desi Arnaz, Eddie Bracken and Richard Kollmar, whom he eventually replaced. The following year, Abbott was hired by RKO to helm a screen adaptation of Too Many Girls as a vehicle for Lucille Ball. The director brought in Arnaz and Bracken to reprise their Broadway roles and also found a bit part for Van, who made his motion picture debut in an uncredited role as a college boy. Shortly after the release of Too Many Girls (1940), Abbott hired Van as a chorus boy and Gene Kelly's understudy in the new Rodgers and Hart's show, Pal Joey, a controversial musical based on a series of short stories written by John O'Hara.
|Van Johnson and Jean Rogers in|
The War Against Mrs. Hadley
Having heard that he was about to leave Hollywood, newlyweds Ball and Arnaz — whom Van had befriended during the making of Too Many Girls — invited him to dine with them at Chasen's restaurant to say goodbye. Seated at the next table happened to be Bill Grady, for many years the head of talent at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Through Ball's intercession, Grady agreed to schedule a screen test for Van at MGM studios in Culver City. A few days later, he tested opposite Donna Reed, a newly signed MGM player, and a contract was quickly negotiated for Van, with his salary starting at $350 a week. As part of the «grooming process,» he was provided with classes in acting, speech and diction.
After small roles in Somewhere I'll Find You (1942) and The War Against Mrs. Hadley (1942), Van was chosen to replace Lew Ayres in the continuation of the popular Dr. Kildare series, beginning with Dr. Gillespie's New Assistant (1942). He reprised his role as Dr. Randall «Red» Adams in three other installments: Dr. Gillespie's Criminal Case (1943), 3 Men in White (1944) and Between Two Women (1945). Van subsequently appeared in Pilot #5 (1943), which reunited him with Gene Kelly, and The Human Comedy (1943), before receiving his big break in A Guy Named Joe (1943), a sentimental wartime drama starring his idol Spencer Tracy and Irene Dunne. Midway through the movie's production in 1943, Van was involved in a serious car accident that left him with a metal plate in his forehead and a number of scars on his face that the plastic surgery of the time could not completely correct or conceal; he used heavy makeup to hide them for years. MGM wanted to replace him in A Guy Named Joe, but Tracy insisted that Van be allowed to finish the picture, despite his long absence. The injury exempted Van from service in World War II.
|With Robert Walker and Spencer Tracy|
in Thirty Second Over Tokyo
In 1945, Van tied with Bing Crosby as the top box office stars chosen yearly by the National Association of Theater Owners. But he fell off the list as other top Hollywood stars returned from wartime service. As a musical comedy performer, Van appeared in five films each with Allyson and Williams. His films with Allyson included the musical Two Girls and a Sailor (1944) and the mystery farce Remains to Be Seen (1953). With Williams, he made the comedy Easy to Wed (1946), which also featured Ball and his old friend Keenan Wynn, and the musical comedy Easy to Love (1953). He also starred with Judy Garland in In the Good Old Summertime (1949), and re-teamed with Gene Kelly as the sardonic second lead of Brigadoon (1954). Johnson continued to appear in war movies after the war ended, including Battleground (1949), an account of the Battle of the Bulge, and Go for Broke! (1951), in which he played an officer leading Japanese-American troops of the famed 442nd Regimental Combat Team in Europe.
|The Caine Mutiny|
As middle-age dawned, Van's features became heavier and acquired a slightly worried look, but he did well in offbeat entries while free-lancing. His films during this period include The Bottom of the Bottle (1956), 23 Paces to Baker Street (1956) and the British-made Beyond This Place (1959). He was also a regular in homes during the Thanksgiving holidays, thanks to his turn as The Pied Piper of Hamlin (NBC, 1957), a musical TV-movie based on the poem by Robert Browning.
|Yours, Mine and Ours|
Operations for skin cancer and the removal of a lymph gland took him out of the picture in the mid 1960s, but he was back on television and in features by the end of the decade. Now firmly established as affable support, he appeared in family comedies like Yours, Mine and Ours (1968), thrillers such as Company of Killers (1970) and even several genre pictures in Europe.
A late career high came in 1976 with an Emmy nomination for Rich Man, Poor Man (ABC), which led to more work on the small screen in Superdome (1978) and Glitter (1984). Throughout the 1980s, he was busy in dinner theater and the straw-hat circuit. In 1985, he received critical and box-office acclaim when he returned to Broadway as one of original star Gene Barry's replacements in the flashy but warm gay-themed musical, La Cage aux Folles, and he gave an amusing turn as one of the stars in the film-within-a-film that highlighted Woody Allen's The Purple Rose of Cairo (1985).
The 1990s saw Johnson on stage in productions of No, No, Nanette and Show Boat, though he was forced to abandon the latter due to health concerns in 1991. A regular on television documentaries about the Hollywood of yore, he was a genial and informative interview subject, most notably for Burt Reynolds' Conversations With (CBS, 1991), for which he was joined by the likes of James Stewart, Ricardo Montalban and his Human Comedy co-star Mickey Rooney. After retiring to an assisted living facility in the new millennium, Johnson died Dec. 12, 2008 at the age of 92. His legacy was a true rarity in movie circles - he had outlasted virtually all male actors from the Golden Age of Hollywood and had managed to work solidly way into his golden years, unlike many of his peers.